Is one of the most simple weave patterns. The warp and filling threads cross alternately. Plain-woven fabrics are generally the least pliable, but they are the most stable. Characteristics; high particle retention and low resistance to blinding with average cake release properties.
Is a weave characterized by a diagonal rib, or twill line. Each warp floats over at least two or more consecutive fill yarns, enabling a greater number of yarns per unit area than a plain weave, while not losing a great deal of fabric stability. Characteristics; average resistance to blinding, average cake release, good mechanical strength.
A variation of the plain weave where two or more warp yarns cross alternately with two or more filling yarns, resembling a plaited basket. This weave is more pliable and stronger than a plain weave, but is looser and not as stable. The basket weave is typically used for backing cloth and basic filtration applications.
The leno weave is a locking type weave in which two or more warp threads cross over each other and interlace with one or more filling threads. It is used primarily to prevent shifting of fibers in open weave fabrics and only for backing (support) cloths.
The face of the fabric consists almost completely of warp produced in the repeat of the weave. This is the most flexible of weave patterns and conforms very easily around most contoured surfaces. Satin weaves are usually four, five, eight, or twelve harness. Characteristics; excellent cake release, average retention, excellent resistance to blinding.
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